Part 2: Science-Based Targets – Ready to Set Your Sights on Sustainability? Data needed to comply.

In Part 1 of this newsletter, we provided an overview of the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) and how Blue North Sustainability can help your business set ambitious and achievable targets. In Part 2, we’ll take a closer look at the data needed to comply with the SBTi and provide a comprehensive overview of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We’ll explore the three different scopes of emissions – Scope 1, 2, and 3 – and examine the challenges and opportunities associated with each. By gaining a deeper understanding of GHG emissions, businesses can make informed decisions about how to set and achieve their science-based targets.

 What data are needed to comply?

To comply with the SBTi framework, companies need to have access to detailed emissions data. This include data on their direct emissions (Scope 1), purchased electricity, heat, and steam (Scope 2), and emissions from their value chain (Scope 3). Companies also need to be able to track their emissions over time and report on progress towards their targets.

Understanding the different types of GHG emissions is important if you would like to start setting science-based targets. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol, a widely recognised standard for measuring and managing GHG emissions, defines three different scopes of emissions:

  1. Scope 1 emissions: These are direct emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the reporting company. This may include fuel combustion emissions from on-site activities, such as tractors and other vehicles, nitrous oxide emissions from the application of fertilisers, emissions form refrigeration or air-conditioning systems, emissions from waste disposal, and/or emissions from processing and packaging of products.
  2. Scope 2 emissions: These are indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, heating, and cooling that the reporting company consumes. Scope 2 emissions are generally considered to be less controllable than Scope 1 emissions, as it can often be tied to the emissions intensity of the electricity grid.
  3. Scope 3 emissions: These are all other indirect emissions that occur in the company’s value chain, including emissions from purchased goods and services, employee commuting and business travel, and indirect emissions from waste disposal. Scope 3 emissions can be difficult to track and report on, as they may involve multiple suppliers and partners along the value chain.

It is important for businesses to consider all three scopes of emissions when setting science-based targets, as each scope presents unique challenges and opportunities for emissions reductions. For example, while Scope 1 emissions may be relatively easy to track and control, reducing Scope 3 emissions may require collaboration with suppliers and other partners along the value chain. By taking a comprehensive approach to emissions reduction that considers all three scopes, businesses can set ambitious and achievable science-based targets and make meaningful progress towards a more sustainable future.

At Blue North Sustainability, we can guide your business through the complex process of setting and achieving science-based targets. Our comprehensive range of services includes defining your organisational and operational boundaries, calculating your carbon footprint, setting ambitious targets, providing implementation support, supply chain engagement, and assisting with reporting and communication.

With our team of experts, we offer tailored advice and support to ensure your targets align with SBTi criteria and implement effective strategies for GHG emissions. Let us be your trusted partner on the path to sustainability.

Contact us today to learn more about how we can help your business take meaningful action on climate change!

Phone: +27 63 688 5593